waste heat boiler nitric acid

Boiler tubes in stainless steel and nickel alloys

Waste heat boilers Increased efficiency in coal-fired power boilers Our new material Sanicro ® 25 is engineered for the next generation of coal-fired power boilers, contributing to significantly greater efficiency and sharply lower CO 2 emissions.

Regeneration of the Waste Selective Catalytic Reduction

In this study, the waste V2O5-WO3/TiO2 denitrification catalysts from the coal-fired power plant were washed with water or nitric acid, followed by impregnating different contents of V2O5. The effects of the HNO3 concentration and the additional amount of vanadium on the low-temperature selective catalytic reduction denitrification activity were investigated under the condition of high

Processes for the Manufacture of Nitric Acid

Processes for the Manufacture of Nitric Acid quantity. Add to basket. Attention then became focused on the heat economy of the plant. In some of the early plants the heat of reaction was regarded as a nuisance and no attempt was made to use it. Waste Heat Boilers for Reliable Service in Ammonia Plants

Sulfur Recovery Unit Apply For Petrol-chemical And Natural

Waste Heat Boiler. As a necessary part of sulfur recovery unit, the waste heat boiler is a typical fire tube boiler. The multi-pipe mouth of the waste heat boiler is connected with the outlet of the heat reaction furnace, which is both the rear wall of the reactor and the end of the transition zone.

Waste Heat Boiler In Production Of Sulfuric Acid - Student

Waste Heat Boiler In Production Of Sulfuric Acid - posted in Student: Hi, I'm asked to design a waste heat boiler which produces steam uses the heat of reaction of sulfur burning in a sulfuric acid plant of 50ton/day for my final year project. I need help from you guys.. Any link/idea is admirable. Advance thanks to you guys.. > this WHB reduces the temp.of So2 gas to around 250c from

PDF Exergy Analyzing Method in Process Integration of The

converter (C). Nitrogen dioxide is formed as the converter gas is cooled to 50°C in the heat exchanger system (E2 to E6), and nitric acid is formed in the absorber. The gas (10) leaving exchanger E6 is compressed from 3 to 10.25 bars in compressor C2, and, after the oxidation vessel, it goes to the absorber for nitric acid production.

250 TPD Nitric Acid - Louisiana Chemical Equipment Co.

250 TPD Nitric Acid - Name Plate: 250 TPD (has produced up to 300 TPD) at 63% concentration Shut down: 2010 Compressor: Ingersoll Rand Documentation available as well as spare motor, and both a spare high and low stage rotor. Highlights of Main Equipment: Absorber Column: 10'6" x 69'0" Nooter 1992 Cooler Condensers: one built in 1992 and one built in 2006; Titanium tubes Ingersoll Rand

Production Technology of Nitric Acid_LUXI GROUP

The key equipment oxidation furnace-waste heat boiler adopts Lamante Optimized Boiler; the absorption tower is set up to get cool through four segments instead of previous two segments. Through this adjustment we could improve the concentration of the diluted nitric acid to above 68 percent, and lower the concentration of the exhaust gas to

Waste Heat Recovery Methods And Technologies - Chemical

Economizers for boilers. An economizer recovers waste heat from fluegases by heating BFW, and hence reduces boiler fuel requirements. Flue-gases are often rejected to the stack at 30 to 70°C higher than the temperature of the generated steam. Generally, boiler efficiency can be increased by ~ 1% for every 22°C reduction in fluegas temperature.


nitric acid. It deals with gaseous, liquid and solid waste discharges to air, water and land and the actions to be taken to minimise such discharges. All plants for the production of nitric acid are currently based on the same basic chemical operations:-- Oxidation of ammonia with air to give nitric oxide

PDF Sulfur Trioxide and Oleum - Veolia North America

6 I Veolia North America Sulfur Trioxide and Oleum I 7 Acid Production Process Figure 1 above is a typical flow diagram of the contact process for a sulfur-burning plant for sulfuric acid. Waste Heat Boiler Waste Heat Boiler Sulfur Furnace The Converter 93% Acid Stream 98% Acid Stream SO 2 Gas Stream SO 3 Gas Stream Economizer To Stack Water

History - Oschatz Plant Construction

Oschatz designs the world's first waste heat boiler behind sulfur combustion with a cylindrical pipe-to-pipe welded boiler wall: 1974: Oschatz is the first company in the world to produce a waste heat boiler in a nitric acid plant with a net diameter of 4,100 mm: 1990


1. Nitric acid production 2. Ammonium nitrate solution production 3. Solid ammonium nitrate production The following will describe each of these processes in detail Nitric Acid Manufacturing Process Geneva Nitrogen utilizes two independent nitric acid production facilities, Montecatini and Weatherly, for the production of "weak" nitric acid.

PDF Platinum Catalysts in Ammonia Oxidation - Semantic Scholar

A night-time view of the plant, showing waste heat boilers and tail gas pre-heater with nitric acid storage tanks in the background made about 1839 by Kuhlmann, who passed an air/ammonia mixture over heated platinum, forming oxides of nitrogen which produced nitric acid when absorbed in water. Ostwald

Equipment | Haldor Topsoe

The process gas waste heat boiler (WHB) is a critical piece of equipment cooling the hot synthesis Steam superheaters (SNG) A high degree of superheating of the high-pressure steam is essential for the thermal efficiency of

PDF AP42 8.8 Nitric Acid Production - US EPA

8.8 Nitric Acid 8.8.1 General 1-2 In 1991, there were approximately 65 Nitric oxide is considered to be a criteria pollutant and nitrous oxide is known to be a global warming gas. The nitrogen dioxide/dimer mixture then passes through a waste heat boiler and a platinum filter. (SCC 3-01-013-02) PRODUCT (50 - 70% HNO )3 COOLER CONDENSER NO 2


At the bottom part of the waste heat boiler which is in the form of cylinder, consists of tubes in which the NOX gases flow and on shell side boiler feed water is supplied for cooling the NOX gases. The heat that which is produced by the NOX gases is gained by the boiler feed water and high pressure steam is generated.

Waste Heat Boilers - Rentech Boilers

RENTECH Boiler Systems offers a full range of custom designed waste heat recovery boiler systems to meet your most demanding project requirements. RENTECH is an American boiler manufacturer known for its ability to provide custom engineered solutions for a wide variety of applications.

Nitric acid | HNO3 - PubChem

Nitric acid is a nitrogen oxoacid of formula HNO3 in which the nitrogen atom is bonded to a hydroxy group and by equivalent bonds to the remaining two oxygen atoms. It has a role as a protic solvent and a reagent. It is a conjugate acid of a nitrate.

Nitric Acid Technologies - niik.ru

Heating off gases in the universal gas turbine combustion chamber before gas turbine unit; Shifting gas turbine unit to low temperature conditions (550÷600°С); Removing small scale high temperature off gases heater and tail gas waist heat boiler. PFD for modernized non-concentrated nitric acid production plant

The Manufacture of Nitric Acid | Johnson Matthey

The acid is contained in shallow tanks made of silica, glass fibre, rigid PVC or other suitable material, and the gauzes rest on glass rods placed on the bottom. A silica-sheathed immersion heater may be used to heat the acid, and air blown in by a glass tube to a point below the gauzes agitates the pickling liquor.

Nitric vs. Citric Acid for Stainless Steel (SS) & Ti

Because of the long-ago issues with citric acid, many industries developed their processes and specifications around using nitric acid. Specifically the medical device and aerospace industries have required many manufacturers to use nitric acid as the passivation solution for their stainless steel, titanium and other alloy parts.

Nitric Acid Treatment: DDPS

NO x Waste Gas Treatment. Purifying vent gas, capturing hazardous gas, producing nitric acid . Nitrogen oxides, also called nitrous gases or NO x-gases, are generated by many processes during the reaction and concentration of nitric acid or the combustion of fossil energy sources.NO x-gases are harmful to health but also a valuable source for the production of nitric acid.

Replacement Waste Heat Boilers in Plants for the - BORSIG

BORSIG Process Heat Exchanger - Waste Heat Boilers for Nitric Acid, Caprolactam and Formaldehyde Plants BORSIG Process Heat Exchanger GmbH, a member of the BORSIG Group, is the international leading manufacturer of pressure vessels and heat exchangers for cooling gases at very high temperatures (up to 1,500 °C) and high pressure (up to 35,000

Nitric or Carbonic acid in condensate? — Heating Help: The

It attacks almost any metal. The nitric acid is formed in any combustion process which uses air as the oxidizer, because air contains 80% nitrogen. The heat of combustion is enough to oxidize that nitrogen to one of a variety of nitrogen oxides, which then react with the water from the combustion to form the nitric acid.

PDF 4 Minimization of Exergy losses in Mono High Pressure

Exergy Analysis of Nitric Acid, Ethylene Oxide/Ethylene Glycol Processes and Methanol Reactor Chapter-4 Page 64 due to highly exothermic nature. A train of heat exchangers is used to recover the heat. Steam of 4.2 MPa is generated in waste heat boiler (WHB). Part of it is fed to steam turbine after superheating.

Drain Pain: Furnace Condensate Proves Tricky to Manage

The resulting NO2 (nitrogen dioxide) and NO (nitrous oxide) dissolve into the water vapor in the exhaust stream to form nitric acid. In old-fashioned low-efficiency gas burners, all that gas — the CO2, the water vapor, and the nitrogen products (known collectively as "NOX"), went up the hot chimney into the atmosphere.

Nitric acid tail gas purification - Google Patents

nitric acid gas reformer steam Prior art date 1967-09-01 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.) Expired - Lifetime Application number Inventor Philip L Romeo Sr

Nitric Acid Incident - Environmental Health & Safety

Nitric Acid Incident. A researcher was cleaning a piece of glassware with nitric acid/water. The researcher poured the waste nitric acid/water into a 250 ml brown glass container labeled as waste and sealed the bottle. The researcher did not know what the contents of the waste container were prior to adding the waste nitric acid/water.

PDF C & I Girdler (Wheatherly USA), mono pressure, High

5. Oil Fired Boiler + 2 BFW Pumps 6. Boiler Feed Chemical Tank + Pump 7. Deaerator 8. AOP Burn Tank (Liquid Ammonia Storage Bullet) 9. Ammonia Water Vapourizer 10. Spare Waste Heat Exchanger 11. Spare Cooler Condenser x 2 12. Air Intake Filter (Delbag) 13. Demag Compressor 14. 4 x Intercoolers 15. Process Air Filter (sintered metal) 16. Air

Sulfuric Acid Boilers, Economizer, Superheaters | Optimus

Boilers for Waste Heat Recovery Systems are critical to the cost efficient operation of sulfuric acid plants.Optimus knows and understands how the Boiler must integrate with the Plant's sulfur burner and utilizes specific design features developed for acid plant operating conditions.

Nitric Acid Treatment | De Dietrich Process Systems

Nitric acid used for nitration processes is commonly mixed with sulfuric acid to become a mixture called nitration acid. The nitric acid thereof is not reacting quantatively during the nitration process so that the recovery of the acids is important for the cost efficiency of the overall nitration process and for the environment reducing

Process Gas Waste Heat Boilers - FBM Hudson Italiana

Process Gas Waste Heat Boilers for sulphur application, are offered both single and double compartment to suit customer specific requirements. NITRIC ACID AND CAPROLACTAM. In processes such as Nitric Acid and Caprolactam synthetis gases are produced by a catalytic reaction and must be cooled.

NEUTRALIZATION CHEMICALS - Industrial Waste Treatment

Neutralization with Acid Since most chemicals listed above will work to neutralize waste streams, cost considerations will often determine the selection. Sulfuric Acid (H 2 SO 4 ) is by far the most common acid available and is generally less expensive.

Latest Advances in The Understanding of Acid Dewpoint

Stoves, Heat Recovery Steam Generators and waste incineration boilers are described. Mounting of the insulation inside the casing is a main cause for stress corrosion cracking. Nitric acid can react with carbon steel and insulation material forming ammonium nitrate and calcium nitrate, both very

waste heat boiler nitric acid - Clos de milomé

450 STPD Nitric Acid Plant for Sale at Phoenix Equipment . Nitric Acid Plant - 450 STPD. The process gas leaves the catalyst gauze at about 900 °C, and passes in succession through an exchanger train consisting of spend gas reheater/superheater, air Preheater, 225 psig waste heat boiler and 75 psig waste heat boiler.

The Chemical Aspect of NOx Scrubbing - CR CleanAir

Substantial amounts of NOx also can be generated in the specialty chemical industry when nitric acid is used as a reagent. The denitration processes for removal of NOx are classified into two groups: in one, NOx is absorbed by means of solutions, and in the other NOx is reduced to N2 by means of a reducing gas under the presence of a catalyst.

EPA Hazardous Waste Codes | UMD -Department of

Only those codes applicable to the University of Maryland are listed Hazardous waste is any solid waste that either exhibits any of the characteristics of hazardous waste or is a listed EPA waste. In addition, EPA Hazardous Waste Codes are also classified as acute and non-acute. P-listed codes and certain dioxin codes (F020-F023 and F026-F028) are considered to be acute,

PDF Background Report Ap-42 Section 5

Nitric Acid was changed to 8.8.] BACKGROUND REPORT AP-42 SECTION 5.9 NITRIC ACID Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency OAQPS/TSD/EIB Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 1-96 Pacific Environmental Services, Inc. WASTE HEAT BOILER STEAM AMMONIA OXIDIZER Rxn1 T A I L G A S

Overview Products - Schmidtsche Schack

Nitric acid Carbon black TiO2 Sulfuric Acid Acetylene Process Sulfur Combustion (Sulfuric Acid) Refinery Steam reforming Waste Heat Boiler. Fired Heater. Waste Heat Boiler. Get In Touch. SCHMIDTSCHE SCHACK | ARVOS Headquarters in Kassel . Ellenbacher Strasse 10 34123 Kassel, Germany